L’instabilité de la croissance

Cliquer sur l’image pour consulter le site INSEE pour réviser le thème 1.1.
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Thème 1.2

Comment évolue l’activité économique dans la longue période ? Cette évolution est-elle régulière?
Dans le long terme, les économies nationales ont connu une forte progression de la production des richesses, de la consommation et de l’emploi. Cependant, cette croissance économique n’exclut pas des fluctuations économiques c’est-à-dire des mouvements de baisse, de ralentissement ou d’accélération du rythme de cette croissance à court terme. L’instabilité de la croissance se manifeste ainsi par des périodes de crises économiques, d’inflation, de récession ou de déflation voire de dépression économique et de hausse du chômage.

Définitions et exemples
Croissance économique :
Crise économique :
Déflation :
Dépression :

À propos des mécanismes de la déflation, voir : http://www.economiematin.fr/news-deflation-japon-mecanismes-histoire-asie-zone-euro

Un article en anglais, inabordable pour des élèves de TES à moins que…, sur le cycle du crédit:

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S.E.’s true story

Left with sad memories forever.

S.E. was on his way home driving his luxury blue car early in the morning not at all aware of what is happening.
Will they ever get over it? It may take them longer to do so.
It happened when millions of them were about to celebrate. But it was rather a special gathering.
The mother said God decided to take SE. and the father said it was God’s will. There is nothing we can do about it.

A. sent me an unexpected message saying that SE had passed away.

It’s hard to believe.
Family members were mourning the young man who died in an unfortunate and tragic car crash.

I wish I were there.

I would have listened to dazed people trying to understand as if they were trapped in unprecedented darkness. I would have seen women with aching eyes unable to stop from crying.
SE. could not escape death in this third and fatal accident. Who had strongly advised him against an increasingly hazardous lifestyle?
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The death broke off their engagement and the young girl may go into mourning. The engagement party only took place thirteen days ago.

The birth of SE. raised much hope. But something went wrong and SE. grew reckless. Now, his parents and sisters and next of kin are overwhelmed with sorrow.